Map - South Goulburn Island

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South Goulburn Island

The Goulburn Islands are a group of small islands and islets in the Arafura Sea off the coast of Arnhem Land in Northern Territory of Australia. The largest islands are the North and South Goulburn Islands where the climate is slightly cooler than in Darwin. The Maung Aboriginal people are the traditional owners of the Goulburn Islands.

The islands are notable for the large number of indigenous languages spoken there. In particular, the Warruwi community on South Goulburn Island - where ar least nine different languages are spoken within a population of only 450 people - has been noted as an example of receptive multilingualism. The islands and their indigenous inhabitants were featured in the 2015 David Grubin produced PBS documentary "Language Matters with Bob Holman" which focused on the loss of many of the planets' native tongues such as those spoken in the Goulburns due to globalisation.

Approximately 300 people live in the Goulburn Islands. The majority of the population reside on South Goulburn Island, in the community of Warruwi and surrounding outstations.

Facilities in the community include a primary through secondary education school, health clinic, supermarket, police station, a council office, and an Aboriginal arts center sustained by public funding.


Map - South Goulburn Island

Latitude / Longitude : 11° 37' 6" S / 133° 24' 15" E | Time zone : UTC+9:30 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
AUD Australian dollar $ 2
ISO Language
EN English language