Map - Sir Graham Moore Island

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Sir Graham Moore Island

Sir Graham Moore Island is located off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia.

The island encompasses an area of 2746 ha. It is situated within the Sir Graham Moore Islands group, about 45 km north of Kalumburu.

Originally, the island was inhabited by a band of the Kambure people. Today, by succession, the traditional owners of the island and the Barurungari group, of the Worrorran language group, whose name for the island is Niiwalarra. The Jaurinanda peoples who had once inhabited the island once traded with the Makassan who routinely visited the area sometime between 1669 and 1763. Both groups harvested and processed sea cucumber with the Jaurinanda incorporating several Malay words into their language.

The group and island were named in 1819 by Phillip Parker King after Sir Graham Moore who held a seat of the board of the English Admiralty Board.

A LORAN radar site was established on the north west corner of the island during World War II by American and Australian forces. The site consisted of a radar building, radio building, a powerhouse and a campsite. The concrete pad for the main building are all that remain today.

The island once supported a population of feral pigs but by 2009 they had died out, apparently from the only fresh water source becoming saline following erosion from a cyclone.

 

Map - Sir Graham Moore Island

Latitude / Longitude : 13° 53' 20" S / 126° 31' 49" E | Time zone : UTC+8 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

Country - Australia

Flag of Australia
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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