Map - Rottnest Island

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Rottnest Island

Rottnest Island (known as Wadjemup to the local Noongar people, and otherwise colloquially known as Rotto) is an island off the coast of Western Australia, located 18 km west of Fremantle. A sandy, low-lying island formed on a base of aeolianite limestone, Rottnest is an A-class reserve, the highest level of protection afforded to public land. Together with Garden Island, Rottnest Island is a remnant of Pleistocene dune ridges.

The island covers 19 km2 and is administered by the Rottnest Island Authority under a separate act of parliament. Rottnest is a popular holiday destination, and there are daily ferry services to Perth, the state's capital and largest city. It has a permanent population of around people, with around annual visitors (and up to visitors at a time during peak periods).

On 28 April 2017 the government of Western Australia announced that the Department of Parks and Wildlife would merge with the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority, the Zoological Parks Authority, and the Rottnest Island Authority on 1 July 2017 to form the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.

Rottnest is perhaps best known for its population of quokkas, a small native marsupial found in very few other locations. The island is also home to colonies of Australian sea lions and southern fur seals. A number of native and introduced bird species nest near the shallow salt lakes in the island's interior, and Rottnest has consequently been designated an Important Bird Area. The island has three endemic tree species, notably the Rottnest Island pine, and was heavily forested before settlement.

Along with several other islands, Rottnest was separated from the mainland around years ago, when sea levels rose. Human artefacts have been found on the island dating back at least years, and the island is called Wadjemup by the Noongar people. Dutch sailors landed there on several occasions during the 17th century, by which time it was uninhabited. The island was named by Willem de Vlamingh in 1696, who called it 't Eylandt 't Rottenest ("Rats' Nest Island") after the quokka population. Since the establishment of the Swan River Colony by British settlers in 1829, the island has variously hosted a penal colony, military installations, and internment camps for enemy aliens. Many of the island's buildings date from the colonial period, often made from locally quarried limestone, and are now used as accommodation for holidays.

 

Map - Rottnest Island

Latitude / Longitude : 32° 0' 19" S / 115° 30' 45" E | Time zone : UTC+8 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Photograph

Rottnest Island--Major islands off Perth, Western Australia

Major islands off Perth, Western Australia
Rottnest Island-European exploration and settlement-Rottnest Thomson Bay
European exploration and settlement
Rottnest Thomson Bay
Rottnest Island-Aboriginal prison-Quod, Rottnest - 1900-10
Aboriginal prison
Quod, Rottnest - 1900-10
Rottnest Island-Other animals-Dolphin in Thomson Bay, Rottnest Island WA
Other animals
Dolphin in Thomson Bay, Rottnest Island WA
Rottnest Island-Military history-Rottnest Island Cannon
Military history
Rottnest Island Cannon
Rottnest Island-Flora and fauna-Rottnest aerial photo 2
Flora and fauna
Rottnest aerial photo 2
Rottnest Island-Other animals-Rottnest Quokka 2004 SeanMcClean
Other animals
Rottnest Quokka 2004 SeanMcClean
Rottnest Island-Other animals-Западно от Фриментъл, Австралия - panoramio
Other animals
Западно от Фриментъл, Австралия - panoramio
Rottnest Island-Tourism and facilities-Sea Eagle Express, Fremantle, 2015 (01)
Tourism and facilities
Sea Eagle Express, Fremantle, 2015 (01)
Rottnest Island-Tourism and facilities-Basin, Rottnest, Western Australia
Tourism and facilities
Basin, Rottnest, Western Australia
Rottnest Island-Tourism and facilities-Rottnest Geordie & Longreach settlements
Tourism and facilities
Rottnest Geordie & Longreach settlements
Rottnest Island-Services-Rottnest Spinifex barge
Services
Rottnest Spinifex barge
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
Rottnest Island
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Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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