Map - Moa Island

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Moa Island

Moa Island, also called Banks Island, is an island of the Torres Strait Islands archipelago that is located 40 km north of Thursday Island in the Banks Channel of Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. It is also a locality within the Torres Strait Island Region local government area. This island is the largest within the "Near Western" group. It has two towns, Kubin on the south-west coast and St Pauls on the east coast, which are connected by bitumen and a gravel road.

Kubin is a community largely made up of the original Italgal, the Mualgal from north Moa, some of the Kulkalgal of Nagi, and the Kaiwalgal (Kaurareg) people, who were moved to Poid, on the southwestern corner of Moa Island in 1921. Poid was abandoned after World War II; one group moving back to their Narupai (Horn Island) homeland and the remainder moved southeast to Kubin under the leadership of Wees Nawia. Kubin residents retain their links with the Thursday Island, Bamaga and Cowal Creek (Injinoo) communities and with their help have established a number of business enterprises. Services in Kubin include an Ibis store, health centre, a school (Tagai College), RTC with the Kubin Indigenous Knowledge Centre in Main Street, post office, disability services, a childcare centre, police service, Mualgal Mineral Arts Centre and Torres Strait Island Regional Council office. Accommodation is run by the Kubin Torres Strait Regional Island Council. When visiting the community you can stay at Aka Babeth-Na Mudth (motel) and also dongas that are air conditioned.

St. Pauls is the other settlement on Moa. After the forced repatriation of Pacific Islander labourers, following the federal government's introduction of a restrictive immigration policy in 1904, the Queensland Government set aside a reserve on Moa's eastern shore for those who had married Torres Strait Islanders and Aboriginal people. In 1908 the Anglican Church began developing St. Pauls Mission. They also established the St. Pauls Native Training College. A community council was established under the Torres Strait Islander Act 1939, and in 1985, the St. Pauls community gained ownership of their land through a Deed of Grant in Trust.

Moa Island is a part of the Torres Strait’s western island group and is the second largest island in the Torres Strait. There are 2 communities on Moa: Kubin community, located on the southern side of the island, and St Paul’s community, located to the north. The communities are connected by a road.

The Mualgal /muwal̪gal̪/ people traditionally formed two groups, the southern Italgal /ital̪gal̪/ and the northern Mualgal, and are the Traditional Owners of the island and refer to the island as ‘Mua’ or Moa. The Kubin community today is made up mainly of the original Italgal, the Mualgal from northern Moa, some of the Kulkalgal of Nagi, and the Kaiwalgal (Kaurareg) people, who were originally moved to Poid, on the south-western corner of Moa in 1921, and later moved to Kubin voluntarily to be able to see their homeland.

 

Map - Moa Island

Latitude / Longitude : 10° 11' 1" S / 142° 16' 1" E | Time zone : UTC+10 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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