Map - Maria Island

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Maria Island

Maria Island (or Toarra-Marra-Monah or Tiarra-Marra-Monah in tasmanian), is a mountainous island located in the Tasman Sea, off the east coast of Tasmania, Australia. The 115.5 km2 island is contained within the Maria Island National Park, which includes a marine area of 18.78 km2 off the island's northwest coast. The island is about 20 km in length from north to south and, at its widest, is about 13 km west to east. At its closest point, Point Lesueur, the island lies approximately 4 km off the east coast of Tasmania.

Tasmanians pronounce the name, as did the early British settlers but the original pronunciation was. The island was named in 1642 by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman after Maria van Diemen (née van Aelst), wife of Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies in Batavia. The island was known as Maria's Isle in the early 19th century.

The strait between Maria Island and the east coast of mainland Tasmania is called Mercury Passage and was named after the ship HMS Mercury, commanded by John Henry Cox, who charted the area in 1789. There are two towns of size in this part of the East Coast: Orford at the mouth of the Prosser River and Triabunna, some 8 km further north at the head of Spring Bay.

There is one town on Maria Island, called Darlington. It lies near the northern tip of the island. Darlington has many wonderful old buildings and it has no permanent inhabitants other than a few park rangers. During the summer holiday period, up to several hundred tourists visit the island. Tourism is important to the local economy. In nearby Triabunna other major industries are fishing, forestry and farming. Rock lobster (known locally as crayfish), scalefish, scallops and abalone are taken near the island by both commercial and recreational fishermen, and mussels are farmed in Mercury Passage.

 

Map - Maria Island

Latitude / Longitude : 42° 37' 12" S / 148° 4' 48" E | Time zone : UTC+11:0 / UTC+10 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Photograph

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Maria Island edited
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Convicts
Commissariat Store 1825
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Environment
Vombatus ursinus -Maria Island National Park
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Local community and economy
Beach on Maria Island
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Activities and attractions
Painted Cliffs
Maria Island-Environment-Cereopsis novaehollandiae 2
Environment
Cereopsis novaehollandiae 2
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Country - Australia

Flag of Australia
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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