Map - Magnetic Island

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Magnetic Island

Magnetic Island is an island 8 km offshore from the city of Townsville, Queensland, Australia. This 52 km2 mountainous island in Cleveland Bay has effectively become a suburb of Townsville, with 2,107 permanent residents. The island is accessible from Townsville Breakwater to Nelly Bay Harbour by ferry. There is a large 27 km² National Park and bird sanctuary and walking tracks can be taken between the populated bays and to a number of tourist destinations such as the World War II forts.

The island has long become established as a holiday destination with many hotels and several resorts in operation to cater for all levels of service. The public facilities and infrastructure on the island are managed by the Townsville City Council. The island is part of the electoral district of Townsville in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The island is also part of the Federal seat of Herbert, which is represented by Phillip Thompson.

In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the Magnetic Island was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Natural attraction".

The wreckage of SS City of Adelaide is located not far off the shore of the island and is a popular tourist attraction.

The name of the island came about because of the apparent "magnetic" effect it had on the ship's compass of Captain Cook as he passed the island when sailing up the east coast of Australia in 1770. People have since explored the general area of Magnetic Island with various instruments to discover what might have caused the effect that Cook reported, but nothing has been discovered. The island's mysterious magnetic effect is the basis for the 2015 speculative fiction novel A Tango with the Dragon. Local names for the island are "Maggie Isle", "Maggie Island", or "The Island".


Map - Magnetic Island

Latitude / Longitude : 19° 8' 19" S / 146° 50' 4" E | Time zone : UTC+10 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  


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Natural heritage
Koala in Magnetic Island
Magnetic Island-European settlement and development-Architectural drawing of the Surgeon's Quarters, Quarantine Station, Magnetic Island, 1886
European settlement and development
Architectural drawing of the Surgeon's Quarters, Quarantine Station, Magnetic Island, 1886
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World War II
Magnetic Island-World War II-StateLibQld 2 242175 Tourists taking a walk through the palm groves on Magnetic Island, 1937-1938
World War II
StateLibQld 2 242175 Tourists taking a walk through the palm groves on Magnetic Island, 1937-1938
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Post-war era
Horse Shoe Bay
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Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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