Map - Liguanea Island

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Liguanea Island

Liguanea Island is an uninhabited granite island located 3.7 km south of Cape Carnot at the southern, central point of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. It is approximately 2.7 km long, 180 ha in size its elevation above sea level is estimated to be 43 metres. It is approximately 35 km south-west of Port Lincoln in the Great Australian Bight. The island forms part of the Lincoln National Park.

Liguanea Island was named by British explorer Matthew Flinders on 18 February 1802. The following day, Flinders named the nearby headland Cape Wiles "after a worthy friend at Liguanea, in Jamaica." In Flinders' atlas (Plate 17) there is a view of the cape and the island as seen from his ship, The Investigator.

The same year, French explorer Nicolas Baudin named the island as Ile Guyton.

In 1905, the ship Governor Musgrave called by Liguanea Island while searching for the wreckage of the lost vessel, Loch Vennachar. A newspaper correspondent on the vessel described the island as "a large bare block of forbidding granite some miles in extent."

In 1914, a buck and two does were placed on Liguanea Island.

The island first obtained protected area status as a fauna conservation reserve declared under the Crown Lands Act 1929-1966 on 16 March 1967.

On 26 May 1980 biodiversity data was collected on Liguanea Island. Among there species recorded were Australian sea-lion, little penguin, Cape Barren goose and bush rat.

 

Map - Liguanea Island

Latitude / Longitude : 34° 59' 21" S / 135° 37' 18" E | Time zone : UTC+10:30:30 / UTC+9:30 (Summer) | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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