Map - Kangaroo Island

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Kangaroo Island

Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island. It lies in the state of South Australia 112 km southwest of Adelaide. Its closest point to the mainland is Snapper Point in Backstairs Passage which is 13.5 km from the Fleurieu Peninsula.

Once occupied by Aboriginal Australians, the native population disappeared from the archaeological record when the land became an island following rising sea levels several thousand years ago. It was subsequently settled intermittently by sealers and whalers in the early 19th century, and from 1836 on a permanent basis during the establishment of the colony of South Australia.

Since then the island's economy has been principally agricultural, with a southern rock lobster fishery and with tourism growing in importance. The largest town, and the administrative centre, is Kingscote. The island has several nature reserves to protect the remnants of its natural vegetation and native animals, with the largest and best-known being Flinders Chase National Park at the western end.

The island is 145 km long West/East and between 0.94 and 54 km from its narrowest to widest North/South points. Its area covers 4405 km2. Its coastline is 540 km long and highest point is Mount MacDonnell at 299 m above sea level. It is separated from Yorke Peninsula to the northwest by Investigator Strait and from Fleurieu Peninsula to the northeast by Backstairs Passage. A group of islets, the Pages, lie off the eastern end of the island.

 

Map - Kangaroo Island

Latitude / Longitude : 35° 48' 42" S / 137° 12' 19" E | Time zone : UTC+10:30:30 / UTC+9:30 (Summer) | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Photograph

Kangaroo Island-Description-KangarooIslandMap
Description
KangarooIslandMap
Kangaroo Island-Description-Kangaroo Island kangaroos
Description
Kangaroo Island kangaroos
Kangaroo Island-European settlement-B-19481
European settlement
B-19481
Kangaroo Island-Shipwrecks and lighthouses-Cape Willoughby Lighthouse
Shipwrecks and lighthouses
Cape Willoughby Lighthouse
Kangaroo Island-Shipwrecks and lighthouses-Cape Borda Lighthouse
Shipwrecks and lighthouses
Cape Borda Lighthouse
Kangaroo Island-Tourism-Remarkable Rocks 01
Tourism
Remarkable Rocks 01
Kangaroo Island-Tourism-Admiral's Arch
Tourism
Admiral's Arch
Kangaroo Island-Tourism-Eucalyptus cneorifolia on roadside
Tourism
Eucalyptus cneorifolia on roadside
Kangaroo Island-Lifestyle-Murray Lagoon
Lifestyle
Murray Lagoon
Kangaroo Island-Sea transport-PRG280 1 3 295 The SS
Sea transport
PRG280 1 3 295 The SS "Karatta" leaving Hog Bay, Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island-Sea transport-Sealion 2000 arriving at penneshaw
Sea transport
Sealion 2000 arriving at penneshaw
Kangaroo Island-Rail transport-Railway on Kangaroo Island
Rail transport
Railway on Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island-Climate-Little Sahara, Kangaroo Island
Climate
Little Sahara, Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island-Conservation-Sea lion and pup in Seal Bay - Kangaroo Island
Conservation
Sea lion and pup in Seal Bay - Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island-Fires-Kangaroo Island with burn scars, Dec 2007
Fires
Kangaroo Island with burn scars, Dec 2007
Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island
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Country - Australia

Flag of Australia
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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