Map - Irvine Island

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Irvine Island

Irvine Island is located off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia in the Buccaneer Archipelago. It is about 250 km north-east of Broome, 140 km north of Derby and hosts an unmined deposit of iron ore. Irvine Island has a surface area of 893 ha and is 5 km west of Cockatoo Island.

Irvine Island is one of three Islands forming the Kimberley Iron Ore Hub. The other two islands, Koolan and Cockatoo have been in productive mining for over 50 years.

Iron mineralisation at the Hub is much younger than the deposits of the Pilbara and is contained within sedimentary rocks as visible dark brown bands within the otherwise pale brown and generally repetitive sandstones. However, one layer in particular, the Yampi Member, contains very high concentrations of iron and has been the primary focus of exploration and mining activity in the region. This layer outcrops on all three islands of the Hub making it the closest iron ore deposit in Australia to Asia.

The Yampi Member is a ferruginous clastic sedimentary rock and constitutes the upper part of the Pentecost Sandstone. On Irvine, it unconformably overlies the Elgee Siltstone and is characterised primarily by dark grey haematite and magnetite quartz sandstone and quartz pebble conglomerate.

 

Map - Irvine Island

Latitude / Longitude : 16° 4' 34" S / 123° 32' 12" E | Time zone : UTC+8 | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  

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Country - Australia

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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