Map - Bramble Cay

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Bramble Cay

Bramble Cay, also called Maizab Kaur, Massaramcoer or Baramaki, and located at the northeastern edge of the Torres Strait Islands of Queensland and at the northern end of the Great Barrier Reef, is the northernmost point of land of Australia. It is 55 km southeast of the mouth of the Fly River of Papua New Guinea.

The 3.62 ha sand cay is predominately grassland, with 1.72 ha covered in grasses.

The island was formed around a "basalt outcrop produced by Pleistocene volcanic activity and is composed of foraminiferal sand, compacted guano and, at its south-eastern end, a low phosphatic rock platform."

The name, Bramble Cay, derives from European surveyors on, who came upon the island in April 1845.

In 1862, a mining lease was granted to the Anglo-Australian Guano Company and occasionally boats would come to mine the low grade phosphatic rock but due to its low quality, a permanent base wasn't created.

After several shipwrecks, the first lighthouse, a 42 ft pyramidal steel tower, was finally erected in 1924. It was demolished in 1954 and replaced by the present lighthouse, a 17 m stainless steel tower, which was equipped with solar power on 6 January 1987. There are maintenance visits by vessels of the Australian Maritime Safety Authority every three to six months.

Bramble Cay is a breeding place for green turtles. The surrounding sea is rich with algae and algae-loving fish such as unicornfish, wrasse and trumpetfish. The island was also home to the Bramble Cay melomys, an isolated species of rodent that was the first mammal species to be declared extinct as a consequence of human-caused climate change.

About 5 km to the southwest are the Black Rocks, also called Rebes, which rise one metre above the water. Three kilometres northeast, maps show submerged Nautilus Reef, the existence of which is doubtful.

Bramble Cay and the reefs and rocks close by are separated from other reefs and islets further south by Bligh Channel (Bligh Entrance). To the north and northwest, the Great North East Channel separates them from the coast of Papua New Guinea (Parama Island), which is 48 km to the north.


Map - Bramble Cay

Latitude / Longitude : 9° 8' 31" S / 143° 52' 33" E | Time zone : | Currency : AUD | Telephone : 61  


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Bramble Cay-History and features-A Man of War Cutter of 10 Guns, as Bramble, &c. Sailing by the wind, on the Larboard tack - Ensign and Pendant flying RMG PU6129.tiff
History and features
A Man of War Cutter of 10 Guns, as Bramble, &c. Sailing by the wind, on the Larboard tack - Ensign a...
Bramble Cay-History and features-Bramble Cay in 2014
History and features
Bramble Cay in 2014
Bramble Cay
Bramble Cay
Bramble Cay
Bramble Cay

Country - Australia

Flag of Australia
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
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ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
AUD Australian dollar $ 2
ISO Language
EN English language